Musculoskeletal Disorders Chandler

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders are a variety of minor conditions that affect the muscles, bones, and joints.
Although we describe them as minor conditions, the severity of the pain can be very debilitating to the patient and can interfere greatly with everyday activities.

Arthralgia

Arthralgia: literally means joint pain and it is a symptom of injury, infection, illness, or an allergic reaction to medication.

Arthritis

Arthritis: a disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints, with there being over 100 different forms of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form, with trauma, infection and age being the usual causes. Other forms of arthritis include rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Joint pain is the major complaint and is often constant and localized to the affected joint. The pain can have many causes: inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear, muscle strain that causes forceful movements around stiff and painful joints, and fatigue.

Common Types of Arthritis

External Resource: Arthritis Foundation

Myopathy

Myopathy: a muscular disease in which the muscle fibers do not function for any of many possible reasons, resulting in muscular weakness. Muscle cramps, stiffness, and muscle spasm can also be associated with myopathy.

Muscular Dystrophy

External Resource: Muscular Dystrophy Association

Pain

Pain: an unpleasant feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli, such as stubbing a toe, burning a finger, putting alcohol on a cut, or bumping one's "funny bone."